2019-10-09 by W.M.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry awarded to trio for development of lithium-ion batteries
Three scientists were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistryon Wednesday for their contributions to the development of lithium-ion batteries, which have reshaped energy storage and transformed cars, mobile phones and many other devices in an increasingly portable and electronic world.
The prize went to:
- John B. Goodenough of the University of Texas.
- M. Stanley Whittingham of the State University of New York at Binghamton.
- Akira Yoshino of Asahi Kasei Corporation and Meijo University in Japan.
Goran Hansson, secretary general of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, said the prize was about “a rechargeable world.”
In a statement, the committee said lithium-ion batteries “have revolutionized our lives” — and the laureates “laid the foundation of a wireless, fossil fuel-free society.”
The Nobel committee said the lithium-ion battery has its roots in the oil crisis in the 1970s, when Whittingham was working to develop methods aimed at leading to fossil fuel-free energy technologies.
Goodenough, who at 97becomes the oldest winner of a Nobel Prize, doubled the lithium battery’s potential in the following decade and Yoshino eliminated pure lithium from the battery, making it much safer to use.
In the early 1970s, Stanley Whittingham, awarded this year’s Chemistry Prize, used lithium’s enormous drive to release its outer electron when he developed the first functional lithium battery.#NobelPrize pic.twitter.com/lRD2zBNm4T
This year’s #NobelPrize laureate Akira Yoshino succeeded in eliminating pure lithium from the battery, instead basing it wholly on lithium ions, which are safer than pure lithium. This made the battery workable in practice. pic.twitter.com/9tqSh5zTsS
With the prize comes a nine-million kronor ($918,000 US cash award, a gold medal and a diploma. The laureates receive them at an elegant ceremony on Dec. 10 — the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death in 1896 — in Stockholm and in Oslo.
In other Nobel awards this year, Canadian-born James Peebles, 84, an emeritus professor at Princeton University, on Tuesday won half ofthe Nobel Prize in Physics for his theoretical discoveries in cosmology, together with the Swiss team of Michel Mayor, 77, and Didier Queloz, 53, both of the University of Geneva. Mayor and Queloz were honoured for finding an exoplanet — a planet outside our solar system — that orbits a solar-type star, the Nobel committee said.
On Monday, two Americans and one British scientist — DoctorsWilliam G. Kaelin Jr. of Harvard Medical School and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Gregg L. Semenza of Johns Hopkins University and Peter J. Ratcliffe at the Francis Crick Institute in Britain and Oxford University — won the prize for advances in physiology or medicine. They were cited for their discoveries of “how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.”
Thursday will see two literature laureates honoured, while the coveted Nobel Peace Prize is Friday and the economics award on Monday.
The 2018 literature prize was suspended after a scandal rocked the Swedish Academy. The body plans to award it this year, along with announcing the 2019 laureate.
Prize founder Alfred Nobel — a Swedish industrialist and the inventor of dynamite — decided the physics, chemistry, medicine and literature prizes should be awarded in Stockholm, and the peace prize in Oslo. His exact reasons for having an institution in Norway handing out the peace prize is unclear, but during his lifetime Sweden and Norway were joined in a union, which was dissolved in 1905.